What are dental implants?
A dental implant is the invention of Per-Ingvar Brånemark, an orthopedic surgeon from Sweden. The great invention, and a turning point in oral medicine at the same time, took place in 1952.
Nowadays, dental implants have become the standard treatment for patients with missing teeth. In short, a dental implant is some kind of an attachment fixed in the jawbone, which fuses with the bone after a period of a few months.
The implant becomes the substitute of the missing root, which provides a foundation for an artificial tooth or a bridge. This way of replacing a natural tooth offers good stability of the artificial one and does not affect the natural teeth situated next to it.
Dental implants are made of titanium in most cases so that the process of osseointegration – dental implant and jawbone fusion – is possible.
By using this material, the risk of rejection by the body which recognizes the implant as a foreign object is minimized. The successful integration of the replaced tooth with the bone guarantees great comfort of usage and desirable esthetics at the same time.
After many years of improvements in the area, the effectiveness of the treatment have significantly increased. At present, as much as almost 98% of dental implant placements are successful.
Who needs dental implants?
This kind of treatment is recommended in the case of losing a single tooth, as well as a few or even all of the teeth. Its purpose is to help patients recover both the teeth function and nice esthetics.
Of course dental implants are not the only solution to the problem, there are also other possibilities available. In general, patients with missing teeth have three options to choose between:
- Removable dental appliance – full or partial denture.
- Fixed dental bridge.
- Dental implants.
In order to decide which of the options would be the most recommendable and convenient for a certain person, a few main factors need to be taken into consideration. In the case of dental implants these would be:
- Missing tooth/teeth location.
- Condition of the patient’s jawbone where the implant would be attached.
- Patient’s general health.
- Price that patient can afford
- Patient’s own choice.
The necessary procedure of qualifying patients for dental implants demands an examination of a dental surgeon who checks the individual patient’s conditions and decides whether he or she can receive this kind of treatment or not.
Undeniably, the dental implant option is very advantageous as compared with the other available ways of treatment for missing teeth. Thanks to the integration with the jawbone, it is really comfortable and solid, which gives the feeling of having your own natural teeth. Dental implants do not influence the neighboring natural teeth negatively. Furthermore, what is really important, they are adjusted to them in such a way that the artificial teeth do not stand out from the healthy remaining ones. Therefore, by choosing dental implants, patients gain both good quality and look.